By default, two instances of attrs classes are equal if they have the same type and all their fields are equal. For that, attrs writes __eq__ and __ne__ methods for you.

Additionally, if you pass order=True, attrs will also create a complete set of ordering methods: __le__, __lt__, __ge__, and __gt__.

Both for equality and order, attrs will:

  • Check if the types of the instances you’re comparing are equal,

  • if so, create a tuple of all field values for each instance,

  • and finally perform the desired comparison operation on those tuples.


As with other features, you can exclude fields from being involved in comparison operations:

>>> from attrs import define, field
>>> @define
... class C:
...     x: int
...     y: int = field(eq=False)

>>> C(1, 2) == C(1, 3)

Additionally you can also pass a callable instead of a bool to both eq and order. It is then used as a key function like you may know from sorted():

>>> @define
... class S:
...     x: str = field(eq=str.lower)

>>> S("foo") == S("FOO")

>>> @define(order=True)
... class C:
...     x: str = field(order=int)

>>> C("10") > C("2")

This is especially useful when you have fields with objects that have atypical comparison properties. Common examples of such objects are NumPy arrays.

To save you unnecessary boilerplate, attrs comes with the attrs.cmp_using() helper to create such functions. For NumPy arrays it would look like this:

import numpy

class C:
   an_array = field(eq=attrs.cmp_using(eq=numpy.array_equal))


Please note that eq and order are set independently, because order is False by default in define() (but not in attr.s()). You can set both at once by using the cmp argument that we’ve undeprecated just for this use-case.